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Information for guidance counsellors on the European and international dimension in Guidance.
Relevant documents from the European Commission and international institutions.

Lifelong guidance is on the political agenda in many international fora. In the EU, the OECD and the World Bank, e.g., educational and vocational guidance is increasingly seen as a tool that may contribute to the promotion of social and economic development.

The increased focus on lifelong guidance has resulted in a number of policy papers, surveys and analyses, handbooks and other publications. Use the links below to get information about EU, OECD, ILO and World Bank initiatives in the field of lifelong guidance:

EU initiatives in the field of lifelong guidance

CEDEFOP


The 2005 Cedefop publication "Improving lifelong guidance policies and systems. Using common European reference tools" provides an introduction to three common European reference tools for guidance:

- aims and principles of lifelong guidance provision;

- reference points for quality assurance systems for guidance provision in Europe;

- key features of lifelong guidance systems.

It explains the background to their development and provides suggestions on how to use each tool to improve existing policies and systems for guidance at national, regional and local levels, and for peer learning at national and European levels.

Download the CEDEFOP publication


In 2004, the OECD and the European Commission jointly published a Career Guidance Handbook for Policy Makers. The handbook makes suggestions for improving guidance for young people and adults as well as for broadening access to services and strengthening systems development. It contains a range of policy options and good examples of policies drawn from education, training and employment sectors.

You can download the online publication here

Resolutions on guidance


Significant EU documents regarding lifelong guidance was issued in May 2004 and again in november 2008 when the EU Council of Education Ministers adopted a "Resolution on Strengthening Policies, Systems and Practices in the field of Guidance throughout life in Europe".

You can download the 2004 resolution here

You can download the 2008 resolution here

In 2011 CEDEFOP published a review of progress in implementing the priorities set in the Council Resolutions of 2004 and 2008 on lifelong guidance in the memberstates, which can be downloaded at the following link:
Lifelong guidance across Europe: reviewing policy progress and future prospects


In 2001, the OECD launched a review of guidance policies in which fourteen OECD countries took part. On the request of the European Commission, in 2002 Cedefop and the ETF (European Training Foundation) extended the review to cover the remaining Member States and future Member States. In 2002, the World Bank also undertook a related review of career guidance policies in seven middle-income countries. In 2004, Cedefop produced a synthesis of results of the surveys for 29 European countries as well as a short paper comparing and contrasting the guidance policy situation in Europe with that of middle-income countries and non-European developed countries.

You can download the Cedefop synthesis report: "Guidance Policies in the knowledge society – trends, challenges and responses across Europe".

The European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN)

Lifelong Guidance Policies - Work in Progress (ELGPN report 2009-10)

The progress report 2009-10 of the European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network, ELGPN was published in conjunction with the seventh ELGPN Plenary meeting in Lisbon, 22-23 September 2010 . The report communicates the key outcomes of the activities to relevant policy-makers and stakeholders at both European and national levels.

Members report that participation in the network has enriched their awareness of possible responses to common challenges and given them a fresh perspective and new insights into their national provision. Specific issues where progress is considered to have been made include:

- Support for improved co-ordination of services (currently all 30 countries have either set up or are in the process of developing a guidance forum or other mechanism).

- Emergence of common understanding of career management skills.

- Appreciation of the potential of new technologies to broaden access to services by complementing face-to-face provision with telephone and interactive internet-based services.

- Understanding of the need for a stronger evidence base, linked to quality assurance.

Full ELGPN report 2009-2010 (in English)

Presentation "Development of Career Management Skills (CMS) - a key priority of the European Lifelong Guidance Policy" by Raimo Vuorinen, ELGPN co-ordinator, at the seminar "Career Education for South-Eastern Europe - Investment in Youth for Sustainable Growth", Sofia, Bulgaria, 8 November 2011.



The ELGPN 2011-12 Publications
were launched at the 4th European Conference on Lifelong Guidance Policy in Larnaca, Cyprus on 24 October 2012. including:
- Lifelong Guidance Policy Development: A European Resource Kit
- Flexicurity: Implications for Lifelong Career Guidance.
- Youth Unemployment: A Crisis in Our Midst
- The Role of Lifelong Guidance Policies in Addressing Labour Supply and Demand.
- Career Management Skills: Factors for Implementing Policy Successfully.
The ELGPN 2011-12 Publications

ELGPN Tools are designed to help policy-makers and other stakeholders to review existing lifelong guidance provision within their country or region, and to identify issues requiring attention and gaps that need to be filled, drawing from practices in other European countries.

Developping national evidence based LLG policies

By Raimo Vuorinen Phd ELGPN - coordinator
National LLG policy seminar
Belgrade Serbia 17 December 2014




See also:
The ELGPN website
The ELGPN Linkedin page


OECD initiatives in the field of lifelong guidance


Together with the EU, the OECD has played a significant role in bringing career guidance into focus.

Short descriptions of relevant OECD surveys and publications are provided below, with links to on-line documents when possible.

In 2004, the OECD and the European Commission jointly published a Career Guidance Handbook for Policy Makers. The handbook makes suggestions for improving guidance for young people and adults as well as for broadening access to services and strengthening systems development. It contains a range of policy options and good examples of policies drawn from education, training and employment sectors.

You can download the online publication here


In 2000-2002, the OECD carried out a survey of guidance policies and practices in 14 OECD countries, of which most were European countries. The 14 country reports are available from the OECD web site (go to bottom of the web page). Based on the findings from the country reports and the outcome of two international symposia on guidance, the OECD produced in 2004 the publication Career Guidance and Public Policy. Bridging the Gap.


The OECD web pages on guidance also includes links to articles about various aspects of career guidance, e.g. quality in guidance, the use of ICT in guidance, and training of guidance counsellors.

ILO, the World Bank and lifelong guidance


ILO


In June 2004, the International Labour Organisation adopted the ILO recommendation R195 - the so-called ”Human Resources Development Recommendation”. The new recommendation emphasises that educational and vocational guidance is a key factor in the promotion of lifelong learning. Download the ILO Recommendation.


The World Bank


In continuation of the OECD survey of guidance policies and practices, the World Bank initiated a similar survey in 7 so-called ”developing and transition economies”: Chile, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa and Turkey. In 2004, the World Bank published the results of the survey in the report "Public Policies for Career Development. Case Studies and Emerging Issues for Designing Career Information and Guidance Systems in Developing and Transition Economies". Download the World Bank report.